Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Lower Left Abdominal Pain in Female Patients!

Pain in the lower left part of your abdomen might tell you about a few things. It is where the last section of the colon (descending and sigmoid colon) rests. In some women, it can also be a part where their left ovary exist. Minor pain does not actually mean anything and you will recuperate from it within a few days. If the pain increases or persists longer, it is necessary to seek medical attention. Pain in lower left side of abdomen female is nothing but a symptom. The possible causes of this pain should be considered before jumping into a conclusion.

Causes of left lower abdominal pain female

As mentioned earlier, minor pain can happen due to muscular cramp and it will remain for a few days. If the intensity of the pain is increasing and not receding, you must visit a physician to get it diagnosed.

Let us find out the reasons for left lower abdominal pain female.

  1. Diverticulitis

If the persistent pain occurs specifically on the left side of your abdomen, it can happen due to the formation of small pouches in the weakened spots of descending colon. It happens mostly to the female patients aged 40 or more. These small pouches are called diverticula. The other symptoms are:

  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal tenderness

Mild diverticulitis can be treated by changing your diet, antibiotic courses, and rest. Surgical intervention is necessary when the case is severe and might return.

  1. Celiac Disease

Pelvic pain in women can occur due to celiac disease. It is a chronic disease where a patient is unable to digest gluten. It is a wheat-based protein found in different healthcare products and food. The immune system is responsible for attacking intestinal portions causing vitamin deficiencies and digestive issues.

The symptoms are:

  • Gas and pressure formation
  • Bloating
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  1. Gas

In most of the cases, sharp pain occurs when gas bubbles form or get trapped in the colon region during the digestion process. This temporary arrest of gas bubbles can cause lower abdominal pain on the left side of a female. This can happen due to:

  • Consuming foods that cause releasing of gas
  • Smoking
  • Swallowing air
  • bacterial infection
  • Undigested food
  • Overeating
  1. Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance causes improper digestion and processing of milk and its products. A person lacks lactase, the enzyme responsible for processing lactose. Apart from lower abdominal pain, it can also cause:

  • gas
  • bloating
  • nausea
  • loose stool
  • rumbling stomach
  1. Inflammatory bowel disease

Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s Disease are chronic diseases that can cause lower abdominal pain in female patients. These diseases can cause inflammation in any portion of the digestive tract. Crohn’s disease occurs in the small intestine whereas ulcerative colitis happens in the large intestine. If it is in the left portion of the abdomen, it majorly affects the normal functioning of the colon or the large intestine.

The cause of these diseases is still not known to medical science. Bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, and unexplained weight loss are the prime symptoms of these diseases.

  1. Indigestion

This is a very common occurrence these days. Not maintaining a proper routine while eating and bad food habits can lead to the formation of acid in the stomach region. Acidity can cause stomach bloating and discomfort. Indigestion generally does not occur in the lower abdomen.

Heartburn and burning sensation below your diaphragm are the telltale signs of indigestion. It might cause pain in  the lower abdomen.

  1. Intestinal obstruction

When an obstruction occurs in the intestinal path that hinders the normal food flow, it can cause abdominal pain. It is common in older patients. The other symptoms are:

  • Unable to pass stool
  • Distention
  • Constipation
  • Vomiting
  1. Kidney stones

The formation of crystallized calcium salt inside the kidney can cause sharp pain in the pain in lower left side of abdomen female. The stone(s) remain dormant until causing pain. The other symptoms are:

  • Discomfort and pain during urination
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Hematuria
  • Fever
  1. Constipation

Constipation is what causes lower abdominal pain in females commonly. Straining while passing stool can cause discomfort in the lower abdominal region.

  1. Hernia

When a lump appears on the abdominal wall due to a weak spot in the visceral region, it is called a hernia. If this bulging lump is in the lower abdomen, the hernia might be in the large intestinal region. The other symptoms are:

  • pressure in the abdominal region
  • Painful sensation while lifting objects

Diagnosis and Treatment

The prolonged occurrence of pain in the lower left part of your abdomen needs to be brought under medical attention. The doctors will suggest tests such as CT scans, MRI, ultrasound imaging, etc to diagnose the ailment.

After a comprehensive physical examination and checking of the symptoms, apart from abdominal pain, a conclusion will be drawn using the test reports. It is better to visit a gastroenterologist for checkup and diagnosis.

An intestinal blockage will need invasive procedures. Infection can be treated using antibiotics. Constipation can be cured by changing your diet and lifestyle choices. Depending on the intensity of the ailment, the treatment duration and lifestyle changes will be suggested by the specialist.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What organs are on the lower left side of your body?

The left lower abdominal portion consists of the following organs.

  • Descending part of your colon
  • Left Ureter
  • Lower part of a kidney
  • Left Ovary
  • Fallopian tube
  1. What is diverticulitis pain like?

Diverticulitis causes sharp pain. It is similar to cramp-like pain. This type of pain can be differentiated when a patient suffers from nausea, fever, chills, vomiting, diarrhea/constipation, etc.

  1. When should you worry about pelvic pain?

Severe pain should be brought under medical attention immediately. If chronic pain exists for a couple of days along with other symptoms, you need to seek medical attention.

  1. Can pelvic pain be caused by stress?

Constant worrying, stress, and anxiety can cause digestive disorders resulting in abdominal pain. In fact, research suggests stress, depression, and other psychological issues can elevate the intensity of pelvic pain.


These are the possible causes of Pain in lower left abdomen female. A majority of such causes can be treated and cured. A major change in lifestyle and diet can be very helpful in these cases. Consult a doctor and get the problem diagnosed if the pain persists long enough.

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