Allergic conjunctivitis

 Allergic conjunctivitis

When your eyes are unprotected to substances like mould spores, pollen, which may become itchy, red and watery. These are the common symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. It usually happens when a person’s eyes come into contact with an allergen which is a substance that makes the body’s immune system overreacts. This is an eye inflammation that forces the body to release an amine form of histamine and other materials from mast cells. Through this process, we can see the blood vessels enlarge, widen enough to irritate the nerve endings. As a result, enhanced secretion of tears is there.

What are the different types of Allergic Conjunctivitis?

There are several different allergic conjunctivitis, which is classified into four categories-

  • Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis or Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis

This is the most familiar allergens which cause conjunctivitis in different countries. This is mainly happening in cold winters. If this pollen conjunctivitis attacks someone, then it will appear differently as its symptoms. These are likely itchiness, sneezing, runny and stuffy nose. Moreover, you can find watery and itchy eyes which effects completely.

  1. This allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and seasonal allergic conjunctivitis have another name as ‘hay fever ‘.
  2. We often see this primarily happening in the month of summer and spring. This is the time while grass, plants, flowers, and trees are in dust mite.
  3. Not only that!! Few people get attacked from the early fall.
  • Contact Conjunctivitis

This is mainly formed from the chemicals and dust form of cosmetics, eye-drops and other different chemical items. These items irritate the Conjunctiva in those people who cannot defend this virus attack.

  1. If you get in contact with those substances, then it may lead to an allergic However, many people are sensitive to specific substances.
  2. You can notice its symptoms after a couple of days of 2-4 days when the substance comes into contact with the eyes.
  • Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis

 This is chiefly happening for wearing contact lenses, and some people feel uncomfortable wearing lenses. Thereby, it can get worse and can enhance your discomfort ability. This is the reason why the eyes become red.

  1. After eye surgery, if a person takes a hard contact lens, then this Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis may happen.
  2. Hygiene is a huge issue regarding handling contact lenses, cases, and its solutions may provide to create dangerous infections of the eye.
  • Perennial Conjunctivitis

This type of conjunctivitis has mainly formed an allergy from the house dust mites. However, these dust all come through microscopic insect-like creatures which you can find mainly in padding furniture, bedding, and carpets. These dust mites eat skin cells by people, and they like humid and warm environments.

  • This dust mite allergy can create multiple problems including a runny or blocked nose, conjunctivitis, shrinking of the airways, which can be seen in asthma(Allergic asthma) and sneezing problem.

what are the causes of allergic conjunctivitis?

When your body tries to prevent a perceived threat, then you may have experienced allergic conjunctivitis. This is the primary source of histamine secretion, which triggers the expansion of allergic conjunctivitis. However, your body brings this potent liquid chemical to resist your body from outer invaders, or you may call them viruses. Hence this mostly depends upon the body immunity system. If it is powerful enough, then it works strongly and is able to prevent all types of virus attacks. However, some of the common substances which produce this conjunctivitis are-

  • Pollen falling from grass and trees.
  • Animal dander.
  • Household dust.
  • Mold Spores.
  • Chemical perfume which may come from household detergents or perfume.

This allergic conjunctivitis may also develop from certain medications, and it also may cause if anything dropped into the eyes like medicated eye drops and contact lens solution.

Symptoms after conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis has mainly can be seen into the eyes, while the allergens come into contact with your eyes, then the symptoms may be seen quickly. On the other hand, there are a couple of cases we can see eye drops are creating a reaction whose symptoms may come to see within 2 to 4 days.

However, without wasting any more time, let’s see its symptoms-

  • Red or Pink eyes

After affecting this allergic conjunctivitis, the eyes become vex as the small blood vessels and capillaries are widened enough in the Conjunctiva.

  • Pain

The affected person may feel tremendous pain in both eyes, and it may increase more reddish and painful. Therefore, they should get a consultant from a Doctor and eye specialist.

  • Itchiness

While the eyes are getting irritated, they may start itching, and if you rub it continuously, then it may become worse.

  • Swollen eyelids

When the Conjunctiva becomes aroused, the eyelids may puff up, and it becomes more problematic while you rub it.

  • Soreness

This arouses of allergic conjunctivitis may make the entire area feel tender and sore. This soreness sometimes feels like a burning.

What are the ways allergic conjunctivitis can be cured?

  1. The first step towards the treatment of Allergic Conjunctivitis is cleanliness. People suffering from the disease are prone to the accumulation of further allergens. Thus it is best recommended to stay in a clean environment and remain indoors when allergen count is high outside.
  2. Artificial Tear Drops can be applied as it helps in dilution of the allergen and helps in further cure of the infection.
  3. People suffering from Allergic Conjunctivitis or Eye allergies need to ensure that they are not touching or rubbing their eyes with hands or other objects. Although irritation or itching may persist, rubbing or scratching the eyes can worsen the infection further.
  4. Human Immune Systems diagnoses the infection by themselves. Providing cold water with a wad of cotton can be helpful and soothing for the eyes. If irritation persists, then ophthalmologists can be consulted.

Keep in mind:

There is a membrane inside the eyelids and the covering of your eyeball which is generally called the Conjunctiva. During the season of fever, this Conjunctiva is vulnerable to irritation from allergies. However, this allergic conjunctivitis is pretty much common, and it comes from your body’s reaction to substances which are common things as a harmful one. Before delineating the entire scenario of allergic conjunctivitis, we always keep in mind a couple of things which primarily we should follow to prevent this and to make sure how easily we can protect ourselves from this disease. However, we should remember that people who likely have allergic issues can develop allergic conjunctivitis. According to the report of the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, allergies may affect about 30 to 40 percent of small children, and it may spread in families.

We should not forget that this disease may attack all ages of people and they are serious effects, young adults. However, if you have any allergic problem, then there is a high probability of getting attacked by allergic conjunctivitis. Apart from these risk factors people who live in those areas where high pollen counts have the most potential chances to get attacked by this disease. Therefore, we should be aware of this fact, and we also take initial safety to defend this disease from the very beginning.

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