Allergic to water is popularly known as water urticaria. The medical term is Aquagenic Urticaria that causes itchy skin and rashes when you come in contact with water. It is one form of allergy that happens regardless of different water temperature conditions. It mainly affects people during rainy days or while taking a bath in swimming pools or summer pool parties.
This disease mainly results in certain kinds of hives on the skin when the area comes in contact with water. As per the medical reports, these hives often lead to types of red rash, which causes itchiness and burning. As per the records, only 100 Aquagenic urticaria cases were reported in 2011 making it a rare disease.
What are the Causes of Water Allergy?
Allergic to water is caused due to several reasons and have lots of different triggers that react to people’s skin or body. These allergic triggers vary from snow, dew, rain to tears, and sweat. This explains that water of any kind causes a reaction and results in the allergic reaction with the skin. Long research related to the agents that cause the disease have been conducted, but no specific results are seen. Thus, medical experts often come to the conclusion that chemical additives in the water mainly cause these types of allergic reactions with the skin. The allergens result in release of Histamine in the body, which causes the hives or rashes on the skin.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Water Allergy?
The signs and symptoms of water allergy are the same as physical hives. Water allergy includes itching skin, redness on the skin, tiny raised hives, wheals, etc. when it reacts with water. It is visible and can be detected within a few minutes of the body contact with water. It usually infects the upper part of the body, mainly the arms, neck, or everywhere on your body. The main symptoms that are seen are as follows:
- the skin becomes red
- There are sudden inflammations with burning sensations
- Lesions and welts are also seen in some cases
In some cases, it is also seen that drinking of water also results as a trigger of the allergy and causes:
- Difficulty in swallowing with rash around the mouth
- Difficulty in breathing along with wheezing
What are the Treatment and Diagnosis processes available?
Till now, there is no specific treatment to allergic to water reactions. However, dermatologist or healthcare provides medication facilities to reduce the red hives developed on the body. Many treatments are given to calm the itchiness and offer more comfort to your body.
How to prevent allergic water disease?
Different types of remedies can be followed while you come in contact with water. Apply some cream or petrolatum on your body before taking a shower. This helps in the prevention of water allergy diseases or skin infections.
Is it possible to be allergic to water?
Yes, it is a rare case, but it is quite possible to be allergic to water if you take a dip in the pool to refresh your body. People with Aquagenic Urticaria usually suffer during the rainy season. Walking on the streets with muddy puddles all over makes skin itchy and painful due to the allergic reaction that is caused. Allergic water infection is commonly found in women as compared to men. Females attaining puberty stage are accustomed to water allergy reactions.
Few Water allergy triggers have been discussed below:
- Snow- Snowing in winter often causes Aquagenic Urticaria among the people who are prone to the disease. This is mainly because of the present atmospheric pollution that is seen nowadays. The water drops that result in the formation of snow contain harmful chemicals that react with the skin during a snowfall.
- Sweat- Aquagenic Urticaria is also caused due to sweating or perspiration in a patient prone to the disease. Sweat often contains a considerable amount of bacteria and unused chemicals that are usually removed from the body as waste. The skin, however, reacts with these waste contents resulting in an allergic reaction. This is also known as Cholinergic Urticaria or Sweat Allergy. According to the tests, it is noted that the allergy prevails as the bacteria are present in the sweat we flush out of the skin.
- Tears- Tears often cause Aquagenic Urticaria because of the chemical content of the substance. These lead to rashes on the faces and hands where the tears come in contact with the skin.
- Rain – It is observed when you walk in the rain, people having an allergic reaction to the raindrops. This makes people suffer from miserable pain as soon as their upper skin comes in contact with rainwater.
Can you be allergic to water every time you use it?
Allergy is caused due to many factors such as pollen, pet danders, cold water, and more. Out of this, allergy to water is one such example to be sorted out. Municipalities’ tap water adds much chlorine and other useful chemical water purifiers to make it safe for drinking. It is not clearly understood why the allergic to water occurs with the tap water also. Still today, researchers are trying to find out the actual cause behind this allergic reaction to the body’s hormones. They say that when these chemical substances enter into our body, they gradually start reacting like animal allergies.
Doctors diagnose the water allergic patients with some physical examination to check for the allergic symptoms. The dermatologist will record these reactions carefully and prescribe useful medications to lessen the pain and reduce the rashes on your skin. An old saying “Prevention is better than cure.”
It also needs to be taken into consideration by the people who are being attacked by the allergy several times that there is a proper treatment for the allergy. In the case of Water Allergy, people need to consume antihistamines as these are the best substances that can help people during allergic reactions. Dermatologists often prescribe people with antihistamines so that the hives can be calmed thus reducing the burning sensation on the skin. In the case of acute Water Allergy on the skin, Epinephrines can be taken that increases blood pressure and reduces allergic reactions.
Briefing to the above causes, symptoms, and treatments of allergic to water, the doctor’s advice the allergic patients to stay away from water for some time. ‘Do you think it is possible?’ Absolutely ‘NO’ because without water, no one can survive as it is an essential component of the body. But if it is restricted and prevented with some medications, undoubtedly it keeps you less affected by these water allergies.
You must develop some new habits that include irregular showers, wearing oil-based creams all over the body as it slips down without affecting your skin, try to wear loose clothes in summers and avoid high water content foodstuffs. Treating water allergic patients is somewhat incurable, but certain medicated lotions and creams fade the rashes and wheals within a few days of application to your infected skin.
Jackson Roy’s client work mainly focuses on health transformation enabled by technology. He wishes to bring transformation to the health care industry and has a keen interest in writing informational articles.